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Historic: Abolition of Coup-Regime Order in Southern Thailand

Protesters celebrate end of coup-regime order in Southern Thailand

A significant legislative move has been made in Thailand as the House of Representatives passed a bill to abolish a coup-regime order that has long restricted public participation in the administration of the southern border provinces. This development is seen as a step towards restoring peace and public involvement in the region.

Key Takeaways

  • The House of Representatives passed a bill to abolish NCPO Order No.14/2016.
  • The order had restricted public participation in the administration of southern border provinces.
  • The bill aims to revive the advisory council on Southern Border Administration and Development.
  • The House voted 406:0 in favor of the bill, which will now be reviewed by the Senate.

Background

In April 2016, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), established after the 2014 coup led by Gen Prayut Chan-o-cha, issued Order No.14/2016. This order effectively rendered parts of the Southern Border Administration Act invalid, disrupting the activities of the advisory council on Southern Border Administration and Development. The council included members representing residents of the far South, a region plagued by sectarian unrest for over two decades.

Impact of NCPO Order No.14/2016

The order allowed the Internal Security Operation Command to exert significant influence over the Southern Border Provinces Administration Centre (SBPAC), a civilian-run agency. This shift in control was seen as a move that stifled public participation and hindered efforts to resolve ongoing conflicts in the region.

Legislative Journey

The bill to abolish the coup-regime order was introduced earlier this year and passed its first reading in the House. A House committee, chaired by Pheu Thai MP Chaturon Chaisang, was established to scrutinize the bill. The committee made several amendments, including a requirement that the advisory council must be re-established within 120 days of the bill taking effect.

House Approval

After extensive debate, the House of Representatives voted unanimously (406:0) to pass the bill. The next step is for the bill to be reviewed by the Senate. Addressing the House, Mr. Chaturon emphasized that the advisory council is a crucial mechanism for resolving the conflict, as it promotes broader public participation in the peace-seeking process.

Future Implications

If the Senate approves the bill, it will mark a significant shift in the governance of the southern border provinces. The revival of the advisory council is expected to enhance public involvement and contribute to the long-term peace and development of the region.

Conclusion

The passage of this bill represents a historic move towards restoring democratic processes and public participation in the administration of Thailand’s southern border provinces. It is a hopeful step towards achieving lasting peace and stability in a region that has experienced prolonged unrest.

Sources

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Gaël Ovide-Etienne
Gaël oversees all marketing efforts for Ocean Worldwide. He manages marketing campaigns to connect with prospective buyers, conducts research and market analysis, and leverages AI to enhance all aspects of the business. This approach ensures better and faster results for our buyers and sellers.

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